During 2015–2018, there was nearly a 50 percent increase in the number of victims of human trafficking according to the Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA)'s annual report; 10,598 people were trafficked in 2015, and 15,310 in 2018.
The report reviews the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (CETS n° 197), on the basis of the second evaluation reports drawn up by GRETA.
The report highlighted two of the biggest gaps in implementing the Convention: identification of child victims of trafficking and assistance measures for child victims. Furthermore, victims' measures are a widespread problem, as are the limited periods of time allowed victims for recovery. There are obstacles preventing victims from receiving compensation, and unsatisfactory punishments of traffickers.
Improvements in the implementation of the Convention have been found: more countries are no longer punishing the victims who are trafficked for crimes they commited while being trafficked, and more countries are criminalising the people who use the services of victims that they know have been trafficked.